Thursday, July 18, 2019

AI(Artificial Intelligence)

Artificial Intelligence

AI(Artificial Intelligence)

What is Artificial Intelligence?

According to John McCarthy, father of AI(Artificial Intelligence), “Science and Engineering had created this intelligent machine, especially to make intelligent Computer programs".
AI(Artificial Intelligence) is a way to build such a computer, computer control robot or software that can think wisely, just as intelligent people think.
How human beings think and how they teach, decide and how they work while solving problems, such things are accomplished by teaching them things.
This term is often applied to human development techniques that are accomplished with intellectual processes, which are the characteristics of humans, such as ability to reason, discovery, generalize or learning from past experience.
Since the development of digital computers in the 1940s, it has been shown that a computer can be programmed to complete a very complex task.
For example: When searching for proof of mathematical theorems or playing chess - With great proficiency.
Even so, despite the continual progress in speed and memory capability of Computer process, there are no programs that can match human flexibility on a wide domain or in such tasks that require everyday knowledge.
On another hand, some programs have achieved the expert and professional level of humans while performing specific tasks. This results in AI(Artificial Intelligence) in a limited sense in medical diagnostics, computer search engines, and voice or handwriting recognition.

What Is Intelligence?

Intelligence

Psychologists cannot characterize human intelligence only with one scourge. These are made from combinations of many different abilities.

The focus of analysis in AI is totally on the following components:

Learning, Reasoning, Problem Solving, Perception and Language.

1) Learning: 

There are many ways to find out in AI(Artificial Intelligence). The easiest are to learn from trials and errors. For example: To solve the problem of chess, a simple computer program, until the checkmate is given, trials the randomly move. This program then stores these movements, so that next time the computer faces the same situation, it will remember this solution.

2) Reasoning: 

For the reasoning, to give proper context to the situation. Contexts are classified as either catalyst or inductive.

3) Problem solving: 

Tactical problems in artificial intelligence can be marked as a systematic search through a series of potential tasks to reach some predefined goals or solutions.
A general-purpose technique used in AI is the meaning and analysis - between-step-by-step or incremental, current state and final round are intermittent.
 In the case of a simple robot, pickup, pulldown, MOVEFORWARD, MOVEBACK, MOVELEFT, and MOVERIGHT are not achieved until the goal is achieved.

4) Perception: 

Cognition is scanned through various sensory organs, genuine or artificial and the scene is dissociated into different objects in different location-related relation.
Analysis is difficult as a result of the objects are totally different from different angles.

Advantages of Artificial Intelligence:

1) Error Reduction: 

Artificial Intelligence helps us to reduce the error and increases the chances of achieving accuracy with more Accuracy.

2) Faster Decisions: 

Using Artificial Intelligence can help in making rapid decisions and acting quickly.

3) Taking Risks on Behalf of Humans: 

AI(Artificial Intelligence) is used in mining and different fusion exploration processes. Not only this, these complex machines can also be used for the search of sea level because they are beyond the limit of human.

4) Daily Application: 

Computed methods for automated logic, learning and perception have become a common phenomenon in our daily life. We rely on road maps for long driving and travel with the help of GPS. Cortana or Siri in Windows 10 are always ready to help us.

5) Digital Assistants: 

Digital assistants can actually interact with the users, and save the need for the human resources. Artificial Intelligence does not get distracted by emotions. In the absolute absence of the emotional side, robots are made rational and this program makes the right decision.

6) Repetitive Jobs: 

Repetitive works are done with machine intelligence, which humans cannot afford. Machines can think fast and they are multitasking.
Machine Intelligence may be used to try and do dangerous tasks. When humans play pc games or run Computer control robots, then we are actually communicating with Artificial Intelligence.

7) No Breaks: 

Unlike humans, machines do not require continuous comfort and refraction. They are programs for long hours and neither bore or distract or tired.

Disadvantages of Artificial Intelligence:

1) High Cost: 

Construction of AI(Artificial Intelligence) needs huge value because they're terribly complicated machines. Heavy costs are required for their repair and maintenance.

2) Job losses: 

There's no doubt that AI(Artificial Intelligence) is substitution many low-skilled jobs. Of course, robots have already snatched many jobs on the assembly line - but now they can increase to a new level.
For example, the driver's automobile conception, which can replace the necessity of millions of halloween drivers.

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